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    ZhangJunkuoandZhaoHuaiyongResearchReportNo138,stributionandstructureofstate-ownedeconomy,upporting,leadinganddrivingnationaleconomy,seriousandirrationalsituationstillexistsindistributionandstructureofstate-ownedeconomy,:(1)Theproblemsofunreasonabledistributionofstate-ownedeconomyandthemisplacement,,thenumberofstate-ownedenterprisesdistributedinordinarycompetitiveindustriesreached155,000in2001,(SOEs).yrestrictedthe,state-ownedassetsarestillwidelydistributedinalargenumberofsmallandmedium-sizedenterprises(SMEs).Thenumberofstate-ownedindustrialandcommercialSMEsstoodat164,000in2001,,whilethetotalassetsofstate-ownedindustrialandcommercialSMEsreachedRMB5,720billion,,inmanyfieldswherethestate-ownedeconomyandcapitalshallfullyplaytheirroles,,theinvestmentofstate-ownedcapitalininfrastructure,basicresearchandbasiceducation,,thecurrentoutbreakandspreadofSARSepidemicalsofullyshowedthescarcityofstate-ownedcapitalsinvestmentinpublichealthandinthebuildingofanemergencyresponsesystem.(2)State-ownedenterprisesasawholehavelowcompetitiveness,etitiveindustriesandSMEswhichdoesnothaveobviouscompetitiveadvantage,thusSOEsasawholeseemtohavelowerabilityinadaptingthemselvestomarketcompetitionandpoore,,2percentagepointslowerthanthatofnonst,,net-lossSOEsamountedto67,000incompetitiveindustries,;whilelossesofthesenet-lossenterprisesincompetitiveindustriesaccountedfor73percentofallSOEsnomyissuretorestricttheupgradingthequalityofthewholenationaleconomyasstate-ownedec,atpresent,state-ownedeconomyaccountsforabout60percentofthetotalsocialassets,thecontributionofstate-ownedeconomytoChina’snationaleconomycannotmat,in2002,industrialSOEsaccountedfor62percentofthetotalassetsofallindustrialSOEsandindustrialenterpriseswhoseannualsalesexceededthescale,nnualsalesarelessthanRMB5millionhavelowratiosoffixedcapitaltovariablecapital,thecomparativecontributionrateofindustrialSOEsmaybeevenlower.(3)State-ownedeconomyisnotablartyCentralCommittee,themainfunctionofstate-ownedeconomyisnottodevelopitsownscalebuttosupport,rdinarycompetitivefieldswhereprivatecapitalisabletoplayitsrolewell,difficultiesfortheirsurvival,nottomentiontheirroleinsupportinganddrivingthewholenationaleconomy.(4)Thelagging-behindofreformandpoorperformanceofstate-ownederesourcesandasthedistributionstructureofstate-ownedcapitalisirrational,thisnotonlyresultsinpoorperformanceofSOEsbutalsoin-effectiveplayoftheroleofsupportingthewholenationaleconomysothatthewholeeconomy’occurringatthepresentstageofChinatothelagging-behindreadjustmentandreformofdistributionofstate-ownedeconomyandlagging-behindreformofstate-ownedeconomy,suchasurbanlaid-offemployees,banks’conomyareactuallyconnecte,animportantreasonfortheslowincreaseoffarmers’incomeisthaturbanindustrialeconomyhaspoorperformance,especiallystate-ownedeconomy,whichfailstoproduceenoughsurplustosubsidizetheagriculturalsectorandenoug,thedevelopment’seconomicdevelopmentisincoordinatewithsocialdevelopment,ocialundertakingswhichincludeculture,liswidelyscatteredinordinarycompetitivefieldswithcomparativelyscarceinvestmentinsocialundertakings....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.传奇国际官方app下载于震在镇安县调研检查政法工作 ’sGrainDemandChinasgrainconsumptioncould,accordingtothepurposeofuse,beclassifiedintofourmaincategories:grainforresidentconsumption,grainusedasfodder,grainusedasseedsandgrainforindustrialuse,,demandforgrainalsoincludesdemandforexport,theneedforchangesandadjustmentofgrainstock,,grainconsumptioncouldalsobedividedinto:generaldemandforgrain,mainlyconsumptionbyordinaryconsumers;demandforqualityandspecialgrain,mainlyusedforgrainconsumptionbyhigh-incomeresidentsandspecialprocessingdemandofenterprises;consumptionofcommoditygrain,thatis,grainconsumedinthecirculationfield,excludinggrainproducedandsoldbythefarmers;andgrainusedasfodder,thatis,,China’sgrainconsumption,atthetimeofasteadyincreaseoftheconsumptionbasefigure,alsodevelopedsuchfeaturesandtrendsastheinter-actionbetweenthequantityandqualityofconsumption,continuingevolutionofconsumptionstructure,continuingincreaseofthe:First,consumptionbyresidentsisdroopingyearbyyear,itsproportioninthetotaldemandisalsodropping,,annualconsumptionofgrainbyurbanresidentsonaveragedroppedfrom95kilograms10yearsago(1995)toabout79kilograms,aper-capitadropofmorethan15kilograms;,el,butbytheresidents’growingdemandformorenutritiousfoodsuchasmeat,poultry,,theconsumptionofediblevegetableoilincreasedbyalargemargin,,in2003,urbanresidents’,,,,,,,;,%,grainconsumptionwasabout20kilogramswhentheyateout,,theconsumptionofgrainusedasfodderincreasedconstantly,,thecountry’svolumeofdemandforgrainusedasfodderwas76milliontons,anditincreasedto128milliontonsin2003,%oranannualgrowthofaboutfivepercentagepoints.

    传奇国际官方app下载ByLiZuojunResearchReportNo231,’sIndustrializationIndustrializationisinseparablefromresourceconsumption,esinChinaisrankedamongthetopintheworld,,,lessthan40%oftheaveragelevelintheworldor12%,Fujian,ZhejiangandShanghai,,,220cubicmeters,,,andbythenper-capitawaterresourceswillbemerely1,750cubicmeters,andthecount,oraboutone-fifthoftheaverageworldlevel;,%oftheaverageworldlevel,,naturalgasandcoalstandat11%,%and79%oundingofthePeople’sRepublicofChina,thecountry’sGDPexpandedmorethan10times,,China’,accountingfor4%oftheworldtotal,,%oftheworld’stotal(one-thirdwasimported),theconsumptionofcoalaccountedfor31%,theconsumptionofironoresaccountedfor30%(halfwasimported),theconsumptionofsteelaccountedfor27%,theconsumptionofaluminumoxideaccountedfor25%(halfwasimported),andtheconsumptionofcementaccountedfor40%.Energyconsumptionwasmuchhigherthanthatofthedevelopedcountriesandmuchhigherthantheglobalaveragelevel,,China’soutputvalueofunitenergyisequivalenttoone-tenthofthatoftheUnitedStates,(kgce),,theunitoutputvalueinthebroadsenseofenergyconsumptionis5-6timeshigherthanthatindevelopedcountries,,,,andtheunitenergyconsumptionof33majorkindsofproductsis46%,waterconsumptionforevery10,000yuanof’’sindustrialfurnacesis60%,fcoalequivalentperkilowatt-hour,buttheadvancedinternationallevelisonly317gramsofstandardcoal,soChina’%%ofthetotalamountofwatersupplied,,%%,influencedbygrowingdemand,,,in2002,,andin2003,inChinesedemandsforenergybetween2000and2004wouldaccountfor40%oftheworld’"BPStatisticalReviewofWorldEnergy2005"indicatesthatChina’%,Chinaisthetopconsumingcountryintermsofcoal,steelandcopper,andisthesecondlargestconsumingcountryintheworldintermsofoilandelectricity,onlyaftertheUnitedStates,anditsdemandsforenergyandseofasupplyshortageinelectricity,,thenumberofprovincesshortofelectricitysupplyroseto19,,thenumberofprovinceswithashortsupplyofelectricityrosefurtherto24,dustrializationroadofthedevelopedcountries,whenChina’sGDPquadruplesbetween2000and2020,;andifenergyconsumptionmaintainsaparallelpacewiththeeconomicgrowthrate,China’stotaldemandsforp’sfasteconomicdevelopment,eologicalScience,theremainingprovenreservesofoilandgascanonlysupportconsumptionforabout10years,andultimatereservesthatcouldbeexploitedcouldsustainconsumptionforabout30years;existingreservescannotmeetdemandsforthecoming20years;existingreservesofcopperoreplusbasicreservesarenotenoughtosatisfythedemandsforthecoming10years;existingreservesofaluminumoreplusbasicrese0,domesticoutputofironoremightonlysatisfy38%ofdemandandimporting131milliontonsofironorewillbeneeded(about81milliontonsofsteelwillalsohavetobeimported);thedomesticproductionofcopper,plusrecycledcopper(calculatedat200,000tonsofrecycledcopper)willonlymeet20%;thedomesticproductionofaluminumplusrecycledaluminum(calculatedat440,000tonsofrecycledaluminum)couldsatisfy36%,phosphorus,sulphur,,47%ofChineseironores,morethan60%ofcopperoutputand48%ofaluminumoutputwererealizedthroughimportedmaterials,34%ofcrudeoilwasimported,morethan50%oftherawmaterial%,China’simportsofcrudeoilamountedto120milliontons,%overthepreviousyear,andChina’sdegreeofdependenceonoilimportswasabout40%.县商务投促局召开招商引资工作考核办法和项目退出管理办法征求意见会 ByXiaBinChenDaofuResearchReportNo001,’sexchangeratesystemhaswitnessedakeyanddelightfulsteptowardsfloating,,thewideningspreadbetweenRMBandUSdollarandanexpectedfirmUSdollarintheneartermhave,tosomeextent,,,theRMBNDFmarketrecentlywentdown,andtheexposureofthenetforwardforeignexchangesalesbybankswidened,wh,astudyofsuchlong-termcapitalinflowsasFDIfoundthattheabsoluteamountofforeigninvestmentactuallyutilizedbyChinahasbeenontherisesince2002,,thereformoftheexchan,the,theUSwillcontinuetoincreaseitsinterestrateinordertoattractover,,%annuallyonaverage,%[1].Moreover,theongoingpricereformsinChina’scoal,ele,asthereformofthemarketmechanismdeepens,wecannotel/long-termperspective,itispossiblethatRMBwilldepreciateinsomeperiods,becauseoftheoverRMB2trilliongapinthesocialinsurancefund,theoverRMB1trillionworthofnon-performingbankloans,hugeimmeasurabledeficitssufferedbysomelocalgovernments,andthechronicleftoverofthechance-waiti,itisthemattonvertibilityofRMBunderthecapitalaccount,andthecentralbankofChinawillalsoaccumulateitsexperienceininterveningintheforeignexchangemarketduringthisprocess,bothofwhichwillsurelyincreasethespeculativecostofinvestorsandmakeith,theRMBexchangeratewillcontinuetomaintainrelativelystable,th,thepressureofRMBappreciationexpectationobviouslyexceedstherealeconomy’,largeadjustmenttotheRMBexchangeratewillincuranexcessiveriskthatwillbeneitherbeneficialforthestabilityofChina’seconomyandfina’sfinancialreformisenteringacriticalperiod,inwhichtherearemanyeconomicandfinancialvariables,financialinstitutionsandenterprisesstillneedtimetoadapttoafloatingexchangerate,andtheexchangerateadjustmentwillonl,thegroundrulesofinitiative,,morecon,thefloatingrangeofketsupplyanddemandfactors,whichwillgenerateafterthereformsinthefinancialsystemandforeignexchangemarkethavebeenfurtheredandthemarke,:theMonetaryFactorsTranscendtheRealEconomicFactorsThedeepeningofChina’smarket-orientedreformandtheimpr,theopeningChina,wasofferedgreatopportunitiesastheColdWarendedandinternationalfundsovercametheirlong-termideologicalobstacle;moreover,thebroadmarketwithcheaplaborformsanotherimportantsti,itshallbenoticedthatalthoughtheappreciationcannotbefullyjustifiedwithoutmentioningtherealeconomicfactors,themo,,startedwithonlysolvingitsdomesticeconomicconflictinthepastseveralyearsbymaintaininglowinterestrates,,thecentralbanksofothereconomies,especiallyinAsia,continuouslysupportedthehugetwindeficitsoftheUSbyinterveningintheirforeignexchangemarkets,,th,beyonddoubt,aroundtheworld,fromtheburstbubblesofAmericanneweconomy,networkandstockmarketstothecurrentAmericanrealestatebubbles,andfromspeculationinoiltospeculationingold,,thecross-borderflowofexcessivefundsurplusessincethe1990shasincessantlyledt,simplybalancingSino-UStradeisnotenoughforsettlingtheeconomicissueoftheUS,assaidbyAlanGreenspan,eredovermanyyears,accordingtothehabitualthinkingtheUSusedintacklingitspasteconomicproblems,hasbecomeanexcusefortheAmericaneconomicproblem,andhasbeenutilized,theappreciationpressurewasreinforced,asdomesticeconomicentitiesacceleratedtheirassetrestructuringinfaceofgr,themonetaryassetadjustmentdonebydomestictradersthroughsuchmeansastradecredit,andtheindividualmonetaryassetconversionwillinevitablyamplifytheneedforRMBappreciationthatisreflectedbytherealeconomicsideintheend. 市环委会召开中央(省级)农村环保专项资金农村环境综合整治项目整改推进会议政务动态 DRCTaskForceEconomicperspectivesNo10,2004Currently,,theCPCCentralCommitteeandtheStateCouncilhaveadoptedaseriesofmacroeconomicregulationandcontrolmeasurestoresolvesomeacuteproblems,’snationaleconomyisoperatingatacomparativelyhighlevelinanupwardspiral;basicforcesthatdrivemedium-andlong-termeconomicgrowth,suchasupgradingofconsumptionstructureandindustrialstructureremainstrong;,theinvestmenttendstobetoolarge-scaled,prices,differentsideshavedifferentopinions,whichneedtobeexaminedcalmlyandanalyzedproperly,inabidtoensureascientificregulationandcontrolandkeepChina’rstquarterofthisyear,investmentgrewsharply;thepricelevelhasincreased;andthesupplyofcoal,electricity,,uarterofthisyear,totalfixedassetsinvestmentgrew43%year-on-year,:(1)2004isanintercalaryyear,(2)Thankstoawarmwinterin2003,,asChinahasanearlierSpringFestivalthisyear,migrantworkershavereturnedbacktocitiesforworkearlierthaninusualyears,,fixedassetsinvestmentinthefirstquarterusuallyaccountsforoverone-tenthofayear’stotal,asma,,allpolicieshaveacertaintime-lagintermsofeffect,andtheeffectoftheseriesofmacroeconomicregulationandcontrolmeasure,closeattentionshouldbepaidtostatisticsoninvestmentgrowthinthefirsthalfofthisyear,especialloothlyinChinainthefirstquarterofthisyear,%year-on-year,;%,%inJanuarythisyear,andthegrowthhasslippedfor3runningmonths;%,,thetrendofrapidgrowthofmonetaryloanshasbeenbasicallycurbed,,electricity,oilandtransportationmayprolongforaperiodoftime,butitisunlikelyforthegaptoenlargefurtherAfteryears’effort,China’sbasicfacilitiesofenergyandtransportationindustrieshaveimprovedgreatly,’sinstalledcapacityofelectricpoweris385millionkwatpresent,other,by2006,,withampleforeignexchangereserve,,coal,oil,electricityandtransportationneedlargeinvestment,lon,laborandtechnologysupplyatpresent,thesituationoftightsupplyofcoal,electricity,riceindex,pricesoffoodmakeupabout30%;pricesofvariousservicesmakeupabout20%;,wepredictthatgrowthofpricesoffoodwillslowdowni,ifreformiscarriedoutproperlyandstepbystep,itwon’,andthecompetitionisfierce,andtheinfluenceofpricehikeofu,pricesofsomeproducts,suchasautomobile,,wemayexpectastableconsumerpricethisyear,withthepricealittlebithigherinthefirsthalfthaninthelatterhalfandagrowthof3%’,nonfer,andthemarketdemandgrowthslowsdown,thesupplygapwillbegraduallyfilledandthepricehikewillgraduallygostable.

    ,growingprosperityofthemainindustriesinChina’dents’consumptionstructurehavegenerallyshownamomentumofrapidgrowth,suchasautomobilemanufacturing,,,industriesthataredirectlyboundntainahigherlevelofprosperityandthereisfurtherspaceforthegrowth;,developmentoftheindustriesdirectlyrelatedtotheupgradingofconsumptionstructure,electroniccomponentsmanufacturingindustryandpapermakingandp,withtherapiddevelopmentoftheconsumergoodsindustries,driveofthedemandsintheupstreammanufacturingindustriesaswellasthedriveoftherelevantinvestmentwillbefurtherstrengthenedin2004;ontheotherhand,paceofglobalmanufacturingindustrymovingtoChinaiscontinua,thetrendofChina’industriesaschemicalindustry,mechanicalindustry,ironandsteelindustry,non-ferrousmetalsindus,andthefeatureof"heavyindustries",demandforenergiesandrawmaterialscausedbytherapiddevelopmentofheavyindustriesoncegaverisetoatensesituationofsupplyshortageintheareaofsteelproducts,rawmaterialsforchemicalindustryandelectricpower,andresultedinsoaringpricesformeansofproduction,,pricesoftheresourceproductsininternationalmarketwentup,sicenergiesandrawmaterials,suchasironore,,asitishardtospeedupremarkablythesupplyofrawmaterialsandtheexpansionofproductioncapacityoftheupstreamindustriesinashortperiodoftime,plustheproduction-limitingadjustmentbypartofthecountriesinconsiderationoftheresourceshortage,thereislittlepossibilityforevidentimproveme,pricesforrawmaterialswillremainatahigherl,ironandsteelindustry,petrochemicalindustry,rubbermanufacturi,computermanufacturingindustryandelectroniccomponentsanddevicesmanecomeprominentlyfierce,thepricesofcommunicationequipmenthavedroppeddrastically,thusleavingtheprospectsforthere,forecastshaveshownthat,undertheinfluenceoftheinvestmentcycleofthetelecommunicationsindustry,thecommunicationequipmentmanufacturingindustryislikelytoshowaowthofexportoverrecenttwoyearshasmadeChinaacountryltradebarrierstobeencounteredbyChina-madeproductswillincreasebydegreesandwillbringalotofnegativeinfluencesonChina’ustry,chemicalrawmaterialmanufacturingindustryandpartofdomesticelectricappliancesmanufacturingindustr澳门天和app下载山西省水利厅关于运城市程家庄等11座淤地坝除险加固工程初步设计的批复 GuoLihongResearchReportNo100,2004Inthemid-andlate-1990s,theshortageeconomygenerallyendedandabuyer’smark,includingforeigncapital,startedtoturntotheinvestmentareasthathadlongbeenmonopolizedbythegovernment,,theDevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncilsponsoredahigh-levelinternationalforumoninfrastructureconstruction,thedocumentofwhichpointedoutthat"privatizationisthetrendofdevelopment",iththehandsoftheCentralGovernment,,thereformandopenaswheretheCentralGovernmenthadrestrictivepower,suchaselectricity,telecommunication,,breakthroughsinareaswhereprivatecapitalcouldplayaroleactuallyconcentratedinareascontrolledbylocalgovernments,especiallythoseareascontrolledbymunicipalgovernments,suchasroad,water,"restructuringoftheeconomicstrategiesofthestate-ownedsector"wasraised,eventhe"advanceandretreat"movementsincompetitiveareaswerecharacterizedbythedesireofthehighlevelgovernmentsto"expand"andthedesireoflowerlevelsgovernmentsto"retreat".Thisarticledoesnotintendtoexplorethecauseofsuchaphenomenon,butjusttopointoutthatinacertainperiodoftimeinfuture,thftotalsocialinvestmentinfixedassets,during1981-2002,governmentinvestment(thestate-ownedeconomy),%.Meanwhile,privateinvestment(non-Stateeconomy),%.Duringthese22years,annualgrowthofpriva,andoneofthem,thegovernmentstilllargelycontrolstheallocationofthekeyfactorofsocialcapital,,foralongperiodoftime,thepurposeofthestockmarketisto"lifttheState-ownedenterprisesoutofdifficulties",andover90%,whenthePeople’sBankofChina(PBC)wasresponsibleforapprovingtheissuanceofenterprisebonds,,theStatePlanningCommissionstartedtoberesponsibletoapprovetheissuance,,,amongvariousestimatesontheratioofbankloanstonon-Stateeconomy,anoptimisticestimatefromasurveybytheStatisticsDepartmentofthePBC(People’sDaily,31May1999)pointedoutthatin1998,"ofalltheloansmadebythefinancialinstitutions,%,%."Since1998,,theremaybelittlechangesintheratioofmid-andlong-termloansbetweentheStateandthenon-Statesectors,whichmaystillremainat75:arketeconomicstates:privatncyandhighprofitability,thegrowthofgovernmentinvesttofinfrastructure,itisusefultoborrowtheconceptfromtheWorldBankpaper,WorldDevelopmentReport1994:,,RagnarNurseandAlbertHirschman,economistsondevelopmenteconomics,havegeneralizedvariouseconomicactivitiesas"socialmanagementcapital".Therearenoaccuratedefinitionsforthetwoterms,butbothcovereconomicactivitieswithcertainfeaturesoftechnologyproportions(suchasscaleeconomy)andtheeconomy(diffusionfromuserstonon-users).Secondly,,whichispermanentengineeringconstruction,equipment,faciliti(electricity,pipegas,telecommunication,watersupply,environmentandsanitationfacilitiesandsewagesystems,solidwastecollectionandtreatmentsystems),publicprojects(dams,irrigationcanalsandroads)andothertransportationfacilities(railways,urbantransportation,ports,watertransportationandairports).Anothercategoryissocialinfrastructure,whichgenerallyincludesculture,ent,,intermsofgeographicalareas,itisnotnecessarytoincluderuralandinter-cityinfrastructure,,intermsofcapitalrelations,allinfrastructuresinvestedandmanagedbytheCentralGovernmentshouldbeexcluded,suchasrailways,power(exceptthermalpower)andtelecommunication(exceptnetworksinuserareas).Third,intermsofpropertyrightrelations,duetothelongmixing-upof"ownershipsystem"with"ownershipright"andthemisleadingconceptof"publicownership",propertyrightisstillambiguousingovernmentcapitalandenterprises,andthephenomenonof"youinvestandIown"nments,suchasurbanelectricitydistributionnetworks;andassetsownedbytheCentralGovernmentmayalsobepassedontolocalgovernmentsfor"localizedmanagement",,theurbaninfrastructuresdiscussedinthisarticleincludethoseaimedfor"localizedmanagement",suchasairports,,theareasofurbaninfrastructu,,moreandmoremunicipalgovernmentsnowrealizehavingtheinfrastructureismoreimportantthanowningit,andtheyalsobecomeawareofthevalueof"protectingthelegalownershiprightsofcitizens".Withcloserrelationshipbetweenthetwosides,theareasinTable1willcontinuetoincrease....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.

    亚洲赌场苹果app下载地址ResearchReportNo131,2003Notlongago,theauthorwenttomakeasurveyontheprivateinvestmentinZhejiangProvincewiththestudytourofAll-ChinaFederationofIndustryandCommerce(ACFIC),,eNote:"privateinvestment"inthisarticlereferstothepartoftotalinvestmentafterdeductingthestate-owned(includingstate-ownedholding)andforeignenterprises’(includingHongKong,MacaoandTaiwan),privateeconomyhasdevelopedrapidly,,,,pushedbytheproactivefinancialpolicy,privat,theprovince’,ZhejiangProvincerealized412billionyuanofGDP,,,ntheprovince:,theprivateeconomyinZhejiangProvincehasbeenconcentratedinthetraditionalprocessingmanufacturing,wholesale,retailandc,withthedevelopmentofmarketeconomyandimprovementofinvestmentenvironment,privateenterpriseshavestartedtoactivel,theprivateinvestmentinvolvessuchareasasmanufacturing,realestate,transportationandtelecommunications,agriculture,forestryandwaterconservancy,culture,sports,educationandpublichealth,propertymanagement,,sometrialinvestmentactivities(suchasprivatehospitals,schoolsandtourismresorts),withtheadvanceofurbanrenovationplanoflocalgovernmentsatvariouslevels,privateinves,privateinvestmentactivitiesaremostlyofsmallscaleandtheirpro,withthegrowthofprivateeconomyandimprovementofinvestmentenvironment,thesmall-scaleanddisperszonescharacterizedby"governmentassistanceandenterpriseoperation".Suchpolicyhasnotonlyattractedagreatdealofprivatecapital,,theGovernmentofTaizhoucityprovided2squarekilometersoflandtoanenterprisegroup,,theleadingprivateenterprisewouldattractsomeenterprisesthatproduceupper-reachandlower-reachproductsorrelevantproductsonthebasisofoneorseveralcoreproducts(services),alargenumberofinvestmentprojectsareconcentratedinarelativelysmallarea,,,,theexport-orientedtypeofinvestmenttendstobeaccelerate,,Zhejiang,onthecoastalfront,,,theprovince’,theyhavemademucheffortincreatinganinvestmentenv,activelytransferringgovernmentfun,theGovernmentofZhejiangProvincehastakenmeasurestopromoteprivateinvestmentbyopeningmoreinvestmentfields,reducingex,speed,,theinvestmentprojectmanagementdepartmentshavetakentheleadinreformingtheprojectexaminationandapprovalsystemwhichbearsastrongcolourofaplannedeconomyandhasbeenpracticedinthecountryformanyyearsinordertosimplifytheexaminatio,expandingfsinobtainingloans,thefinancialinstitutionsinZhejiangProvincecreatedandspri,theprovincehasformed1,’sentryintotheWTO,ZhejiangProvincelauncheda"ProjectfortheCreditofaMillionEnterprises"thecreditoftheprovinceandtoestablishtheenterprisecreditsystemincludingcreditrecord,punishmentforbreachoffaith,,2003,Zhejiangbecamethefirstinsettingupthecountry’slargestonlinecreditinquirysystemattheprovinciallevel,whichcollectedthefirstbatchof500,000enterprises’"creditfiles".Asaresultofsubstantiallyimprovedcreditenvironment,,localbanksreportedanaverageoflessthan5percentofbadassets....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.天津市重污染天气应急减排清单AB级企业、保障性企业和工程名单公示 必定赢体育ios下载全站ChenXiwenHanJunResearchReportNo072,ralAreasandProvideEffectiveSupportforStrategicAgriculturalRestructuringOurinvestigationsinthethreecounties(XiangyangcountyofHubeiprovince,YanlingcountyofHenanprovince,TaihecountyofJiangxiprovince)showthatinthetraditionalagriculturalregions,theiradvantageingrainandcottonproductionhasbeenwaningandtheirefficiencyhasbeendec,theroadtoincreasingtheincomeoff,,thelackofanunimpededmarketingsystemforagriculturalproductsandtheabsenceofasoundagriculturals,itis,thecentralgovernmentexplicitlyadvocatedinitspo,despitemanyyearsofhardwork,thegoalofreturningthesecooperativesasawholetothenormsofeconomicorganizations(suchastheprivateeconomyandtheself-organizedcooperativeeconomicorganizations).Therefore,itiswrongtomerelyemphasizethatspeci,itispreferabletoproceedfromtheactualconditionsoftheruralareasandcarryoutnecessaryad,thereisneitherapropertyownershiprelationbetweenthesupplyandmarketingcooperativesatvariousleve"legs",notasinglepersonraisedtheionsisinfactdegenerating,the,thegrassrootscooperativeswhereconditionspermitm,,itisperhapspreferabletodefinethemasprivateenterprisesthatmaketheirownmanageme,mostoftheseenterprisesarenotedforlackingaseparationofgovernmentadministrationfromcorporatemanagement,aseparationofpolicy-orientedoperation,overstaffingandinefficienatingenterprisesistotrulyseparatetheirpolicy-orientedoperationsfromcommercialo,theseenterprisesa,itisnecessarytotransformtheseenterprisesintojoint-stockcompaniesassoonaspossiblesotdoptd,thestate-ownedgrain-operatingenterprisesshouldencouragefarmerstogrowcropsonacontractbasissoastointegratepurchasing,,andenterprisesofdifferentformsofownershipshoate-ownedgrain-operatingenterprises,itisnecessarytochangestlyandthatacceptinganeelfareendeavor,,itisneces,,itisnotag"threedelimitations"(personnel,organizationalstructureandbudget):th,theemphaspecializedpersonnel,,innovationshouldbemadetoenablethesystemtocarryouttechnicalcontractingaersonnelareguaranteedbygovernmentfinanceandthatagro-technicalextensionofapublicwelfarenatureisguaranteed....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite. 漠视侵害群众利益问题监督举报方式

    LiuShijinResearchReportNo025,2003The16thNationalCongressoftheCPCproposedthatChinashould“brazeanewtrailforindustrialization,featuringhighscientificandtechnologicalcontent,goodeconomicreturns,lowresourcesconsumption,littleenvironmentalpollutionandafulldisplayofadvantagesinhumanresources.”ButhowtobrazeanewtrailforindustrializationwithChinesecharacteristicsandhig,sinlightofmyrece,insimplewords,ahighconcentrationinaproperregionalscopeofmanyenterprisesofthesametypeproducingacertainproduct,alongwithmanyupstre,,thescaleofproductionandmarketinginanindustrialclusterdistrictisv,forexample,thesocksmarketattheDatangTowninZhujiCountyhasanannualturnoverof6billionpairs,thenecktiemarketinChenxianCountyhasanannualturnoverof250millionpieces,andanewly-builtwe,suchanindustrialclusteriscalled“economicblocks”.StatisticsshowthatZhejiangProvincehas52such“economicblocks”,,ZhejiangProvince’s“economicblocks”,theenterprisesproducingcolorTVsets,computer,thedeltaistheproductionbaseofChina’sfo,industrialclustershavebroughtaboutanunprece“bigandall-embracing”or“smallandall-embracing”,suchasacolorTVsetoraphotocopier,thathashightechnologicalcontents,largenumbersofsparepartsandhighvalue,isnotproducedbyjustonenucleusplant(thegeneralassemblyplant).Instead,,“enemiesareboundtomeetonanarrowroad”.Inthisway,,itcanhavemanysupplierstochoosefrom,whic,whichhavelesstechnologicalcontentandlowervalue,l,theclustersofIT,,morethan90percentofcomputerparts,morethan80percen,thedeepeningofdiv,theprocurementcostsofthecomponentpartsofcolorTVsets,computers,cel’s“economicblocks”,aclothsoldat50-60yuanameterinBeijingcostslessthan10yuanlocally,an,theyhaveb,,ahouseholdwasabasicproductionunit,andseveraldozens,severalhundredsorevenmor“oneproductinonetownship”or“oneproductinonetown”.Inordertoselltheseproducts,,theypromotedthedevelopmentofproduction,’’speculiarenvironment,however,,“ChinaLightIndustryandTextileCity”inShaoxingCityofZhejiangProvincehasahighlorthedeliveryofgoods,becauseinthiswaytheirgoodscanbedeliveredsooner,...Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.肃北县机构编制网—体制改革 DRCTaskForceEconomicperspectivesNo11,quartersof2003,despiteimpactofSARS,%.,%,whichindicatesthat,GDPgrowthrateofourcountryisleveledoffabove8%since2002,,andheavyindustryandchemicalindustryaregettingmoreandmoreindustrializedInthefirstthreequartersoftheyear,pillarindustries,suchaselectronicengineeringequipmentmanufacturing,electricmachineryandfacilitymanufacturing,transportationequipmentmanufacturing,metallurgyindustryandchemicalindustryrealizedfastgrowth,%.Inc%%.%ofthetotalindustrialaddedvalue,(%).Since1998,growthofheavyindustrytakesonanacceleratingtendencycomparedwithgrowthoflightindustry,andtheproportionofheavyindustry’saddedvalueinoverallindustrialaddedvalueiscontinuouslyincreasing,especiallyinthisyear,whichexemplifiesthatecr,andiscloselyrelatedtoconsumptionstructurewithafairlystrongmarketendogenousmechanism,andheavyindustrializationwillbethemainsupportingp,andconsumptionupgradingremainsitsmomentumInthefirstthreequarters,%,yofheavyindustryandchemicalindustry,,,%,%percentagepoint,whichhasrecoveredtothenormalgrowthlevel,consequently,,,%,%,andthatoftelecommunicationsequipmentincreasedby74%.ConexistInthefirstthreequarters,%overthesameperiodoflastyear,,%overthesameperiodoflastyear,,favorablebalanceoftradedecreasedascomparedtothesameperiodoflastyear(,).Intermsofdifferentcountriesandregions,favorabletradebalancetotheUnitedStatesandsomeEuropeancountriesiscontinuouslygrowing,whileadversetradebalancetoJapan,Korea,’smainexportmarket,expandedtradesurpluswillinevitablyintensifytradefrictions,and,export-orientedmanufacturesinJapan,Korea,andTaiwanprovincegraduallymovedtomainlandChinatoestablishfactories,whichisanimportantre,whilesupplyofsomeenergyresourcesandrawmaterialsseegapsAsdomesticmarketgrowsmoreactiveandexportincreasefast,,%ascomparedtothesameperiodoflastyear,%,butfallingdownstablybytheseason(%,%,and4%).Supplyofelectricpower,coal,steel,,supplyofthoseproductsisrapidlyincreasing,,priceismaintainedatalowlevel,demandconstraintuniversallyexists,,supplyanddemandrelationsbynomeansreversedAccordingtorelevantstatistics,grainyieldofthisyearispredictedtobelowerthan450billionkilograms,,,itisestimatedthatbytheendofthisyeargrainstockwillstillmaintainabove200billionkilograms,whichisalothigherascomparedtonormalyears();ontheotherhand,thegrainproductivityislarge,rbyabigmargin....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.习近平主席特使孙春兰将出席第18届亚运会开幕式 LiShantong,HouYongzhi,LiuYunzhongChenBoL,thisphenomenonhasbeenstayingonstubbornlydespit,butthosearemerelychangesintheobjects,"resource"to"market",thescopehasextendedfromthe"productmarket"to"factormarket"andthemeansofprotectionhaschangedfrommainly"administrativeregulations"tomainly"hiddenobstacles".Localprotectionhampersarationalnationwidemovementofcommoditiesandfactors,weakenstheeffectivenessofanoptimalresourcedistributioninthemarketmechanism,causesincreaseintrtionandmakeadeep-goinganalysisofthecausesofitandseekfundamentalmeasurestocopewithit,wehaveconductedaquestion,scientificresearchinstitutesandinstitutionsofhighereducationintheirunderstandingoflocalprotection,wehavedesignedtwotypesofquestionnairestomeetthedifferentnatureofthesurveytargets,,500questionnairesfromenterprisesand1,onThesurveyshowsthatwiththecontinuousimprovementoftheinfrastructure,thedeepeningofthemarket-orientedreformsandtherectificationofthemarketorder,,%believethatloca%thinkthatthedegreeoflocalprotectionhasbeenslightlylessenedascomparedwithtenyearsagoandallexpressgreatersatisfactionfor,70%believethatlocalprotectionhasbeenreducedslightlyorobviously,abouthalfofthesurveyedthinkitismarkedlyimprovedin20yearsand36%thinkitisslightlybetterthantenyearsagoand39%,OpenorHidden,andtheMostSeriousFormofLocalProtectionIsInterventionintheLaborMarketThesurveysheetslist42differ:withintheareaunderlocalprotection;;mentsinchargeofindustryandcommerce;onandinvestment:s;;;%ofthosesurveyedsaylocalgovernmentresortstolocalprotectiononmajorrawmaterialsand69%saylocalgovernmentsimposequothowthatthetwomostseriousmanifestationsoflocalprotectionare"interventioninthelabormarket"andthe"unofficial,hiddenrestrictionstotheentryintothelocalityofproductsfromotherparts".Othermoreseriousformsoflocalprotectionare"discriminativepracticebytheauthoritiesforindustryandcommerceinqualityinspectionsand"interventioninmattersrelatedtotechnology".Specificmeasurestakenbylocalgovernmentsinthosecategoriesinclude:ocalhouseholdregistrationinhiringworkers;artsofthecountry;kersfromotherparts;,medicalcareandunemploymentinsuranceforworkersfromotherparts;,localenterprisesenjoygreaterfavor;;,ittendstomeetlukewarmreceptionbythelocaljudicialdepartment;ingaverdictthatisunfavorabletoalocalenterprise;nterfeits;,particularlyimportanttechnicalpersonnel,andatransferofanimportanttechnicianorengineermayinvolvehighfeesorwithholdingofpersonnelarchivesorhouseholdregistrationfiles,etc.

    2)MetroBusSystem:PracticeofRationalAllocationofTransportationResourceTheproblemofcitytransportationisaproblemofhowtoachievetherationalallocationofcurrenttransportationresources(suchasroads,intersections,andvehicles)inaneffforprivatevehiclesandpublicvehicles,wherebusesaremixedwithpriewithprinciplesof"independentroadrights"and"busfirstinintersections".Evenincaseoflessstar-upfundandnoincreaseintransportationresources,thissystemcansignificantlyimprovetheefficiencyoftransportation,therailtransithighlightsindevelopingnewtypesoftransportationresourcestosubstituteexistingresources,whiletheMetroBusSystememphasizesoneliminatingthelowefficiencyofthemixedtrafficsystemandrationallyallocatingandsuffici,wecanstarttheshiftfromtheordinarybussystemtotheMetroBusSystembyimprovingexistingroadsandtrafficsignalsystems,whichfeatureinlowerstart-updifficulties,,thecostofcapital(basedoncomparablepricesin2000)isabout1/10~1/)MetroBusSystem:Aneasilyupgraded"dynamicsystem"Byupgradingandenhancingthegroundtrafficsystem,th,afterinvestigatingthepracticeoftheMetroBussystemincitiesofCuritiba,Stockholm,Amsterdam,Gothenburg,theprojectteamsuggeststhatthetheoryandtechniquesofthissyst,,theroutenetworkofthissystemcanbepartiallyimplementedbyfirstlylayingtrafficsignalsinintersectionsandthengraduallyintroducingtechniquessuchasthepassengerinformationsystem,,theloadingcapacityofthesystemwillbegradutyintimeitisneeded,andhelpstomaintainabettersuptems(suchasundergroundsystems)intheirearlierdaysofoperation,)MetroBusSystem:ATransientSystemBetweenOrdinaryBusSystemAndLarge-capacityRailTransitTheMetroBusSystemadoptsthegroundtransportmodethatenablestheroutescanbeeasilyadjustedorchanged,orevenupgradedtorailtransitsystemswithalargerloadingcTransprotationInSuzhouSincethebeginningoftheeconomicreformandopening-uptotheoutsideworld,thesocialeconomyinSuzhouhasquicklydevelopeda,,thecapitalofthecountry,whileitsamountofpublictransitis728,whichisonly1/9ofthatofBeijing,,whichisonly1/,%,Hefei,Guangzhou,Shanghai,etc..WhyAccordingtosurveysofthesituation,themainreasonforthisisthepubl/4ofthemcomplainforthecrowdedsituationinsidebuses,about1/5ofthemcomplainforthepoortimereliabilityofthepublictransit,andabout1/3ofthemcomplainforwastingtoomuchtimeinwaitingforbuses....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.池州市多管齐下促进外向型经济发展 传奇国际官方app下载LiShantong,HouYongzhiFengJie,Departm,ategyandPoliciesforaCoordinatedRegionalDevelodpolicytoachievethisgoal:First,’sintegrationwithworldeconomyarebeingdeepened,itisstillt,weshould,first,encourage(atleastnotprevent)theconcentrationofresourcesandelementstowardsadvantageousregionssoastoformseveralregionswithinternationallystrongorfairlystrongcompetitiveness–thisisarealisticchoicethatshouldbemadeagainstthecurrentbackground;second,duringthe11thFive-YearPlanorinafairlylongperiodoftime,therecouldnotbeabundantresourcestobeusedtosolv,asthebuyer’smarketisformedanddomesticandinternationalcompetitionistenser,cesupply,futureregionalcooperationwilltargetthegoalofexploringthemarket,,thevariousphenomena,whichusuallyrunagainstregionaldevelopment,occurduringthetransitionalperiod,,,toeliminatethephenomenathatimpairregionaldevelopmentandrealizecoordinatedregionaldevelopment,weshouldpushformarket-orie,,asthecountryisgraduallymergedintotheglobaleconomy,saswellastradeandinvestmentrelationswithothercountries(regions).Onthebasisoftheaboveanalysis,webelievethatthefollowingthreemajorrelationshipsshouldbewellhandledinmakingandimplementingregionaldevelopmentstrategiesandpolicies:pandraisingthecountry’soverallstrengthandcompetitivenessTheregionalgaphasarousedwidespreadconcernandbeenr,,weshouldnotethattheregionalgapwasinawaycausedbypolicyorientation,,itisinhisproblem:thedevelopedregionsarenotcompetitiveenoughtocopewithinternationalcompetition,sothe,duringthe11thFive-YearPlanandeventhewholeperiodofbuildingthewell-offsociety,wemustproperlyhandletherelationshipbetweencurbingtheexpandingoftheregionalgapandraisingthecountry’,thecentralgovernmentmustbeaskedtoprodinthedevelopedregions,andeventuallytotheimprovementofthecompetitivenessofdevelopedregionsandthecentralgovernment’,butinthelongrun,itwillaffecttheupgradingofcompetitivenessandfortunecreationabilityofthedevelopedregions,thushavinganegativeimpactonthecentralgovernment’,regionalpolicyduringthe11thFive-YearPlanshouldtakeintocvelopedregions,,theregionalgapwillcontinusmorepublicproductsandtakepropermeasurestopromotethedevelopmentoftheirsocialwelfaresothattheresidentsintheseregionswouldgradsourcesandproperlyplayingtheroleofgovernmentUnderamarketeconomy,,thegovernmentusedadministrativemeanstoforcetheelementstoflowwithoutfollowingtheeconomiclaworconsideringtheelements’eteconomy,thegovernment,especiallythecentralgovernment,,guiderationalindustrialdivision,promoteregionalcooperation,supporttheless-developedregionstoincreasetheabilitytoprovideproductsandencouragethedsoftheregionalpoliciesvelopmentinthetargetregionsoftheregionalpolicies.【2019汕头潮剧艺术周】海外潮人回乡献艺共叙乡情,点赞汕头发展成就 RenXingzhouResearchReportNo191,istrativefranchise,commercialfranchisereferstothegrantingbythefranchisortothefranchisee,intheformofauthorization(throughtheformoffranchisecontracts),therighttousetheregisteredtrademark(includingthetrademarkofservices),name,patent,specialtechnology,businessmode,oranyotherbusinesssymbolsthefranchisorowns,togetherwithall-roundguidanceandsubstantialassistancefromtheformertothelatterinpersonneltraining,establishmentoforganizationalstructures,businessmanagement,,thefranchiseewouldcarryoutbusinessoperationsaccordingtotheunifiedmodeofbusinessmanagementando,therefore,thatfranchisedoperationisaformofbusinessoperationcennthefollowingthreeways:Firstofall,franchisedoperationisamodeofbusinessdevelopmentinwhichthepatentedtechnologyofonepartyisintegratedw,therefore,,franchisedoperationisaformoforganizationinwhichthemanagementanddecision-makingpowersofthefranchisorareintegra,commandedandtaught,however,bythefranchisorandthefranchiseemustcarryoutmanagementandoperationactivitiesinstrictaccordancewitht,s,thefranchiseewillearnbiggerprofitsfromfranchisedoperationsthanfromindependentoperations;enjoythesuccessfultechnology,brandandintangibleassetsofanotherpartywithsmallinvestment;enterabusinessfieldfromacomparativelyhigherpointofstart,savetimeandmoneyandminimizeriskswhenstartinganewundertaking,,meanwhile,canextendthevalueofitsbrandandpatentedtechnologythroughfranchisedoperation,thusachievingexpansio,ofcourse,onmutualsdevelopedrapidlyinnumerouscommercialandservicesectorsacrosstheworldinthe20thcenturyincludingretailing,catering,automobilesaleandmaintenance,educationandtraining,travel,recreation,marketingofaudio-visualproductsandbooks,printing,constructionandfitting-upofhousing,intermediaryserviceinrealestate,leaseofequipment,body-buildingandbeautytreatment,nursingandcareofchildren,andsanitationservice(totalingmorethan70sectors,accordingtostatistics).Resortingtothismethodofrapidexpansionoftheirbusinessscales,someenterp’sEconomicDevelopmentInviewofitsnatureandmarkedcharacteristics,itisofgreaturgencytovigorouslypromotedevelopmentofcommercialfranchiseinthe21stcenturywhenChinaforgesaheadinitsstrategicmovetobuildafairlywell-offsocietybecausefranchisedoperati’scirculationindustryandservicemarketandpromotingtherapidincreaseofthedegreeoforganizationofChineseenterprisesThecharacteristicsofthemodeofcommercialfranchisedecidesitsuniqu’sentryintotheWorldTradeOrganizationandeconomicglobalization,China’sdistributionsectorandservicemarketarecommonlyfoundw,,smallandmedium-sizedenterpriseswillbeabletoclimbintotheranksofleadingenterprisesboastingbothadvancedexpertiseandnamebrandsandwinaccesstothecreditability,name,patentedtechnologyandmanagementexpertiseofthefranchisor,thusbothincreasingtheirdegreeoforganization,harvestingexcellenteconomicresultswiththehelpofothers,andstrengtheningtheircapacityofsurvival,nessscalebyenterpriseswithacuttingedgeandtherapidriseofanumberofChineseenterprisesbiginscaleandpowerfulinstrengthWiththeadvanceoftheprocessofeconomicglobalization,internationalcompetitionform,largetran,patentedtechnologyandmanagementexpertise,however,canhardlyexpecttorapidlygrowinbusinessscaleorcompetitiveabilityduringtheirprocessofdevelopmentduetor,however,thepatentedtechnologyofonepartyandthecapitalofanotherpartycanbe,1997,itsnetannualsalesroseabovethoseofitsparentcompany,ITOYOKADO,,itsnumberoflicensedshopswas5,,thefigurehasgrowntoover8,000,canalsobefoundinworld-famoussnackcountersincludingKentucky,Macdonald,developingstrategiesAmajorcharacteristicoffranchisedoperationisexpansionofthevalueoftechnologyandbrandnames,includingthenameandtrademarkofaproduct,thetitleofashop,heval,permissionisgiventotheuseofthesekindsofbrandssothatthey,b,franchisedoperationwillundoubtedlyfurtherfacilitateimplementationofthebrand-developingstrategysothatsomeChinesebrandswillstrikeadeeperrootintheheartofthepeople,gaingreaterreputationinthesociety,snatchbiggermarketshares,becomeevenmorecompetitive,andproduceevenbettersocialresultsfromanoverallpointofview.

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    ZhaoJinpingAfteritsWTOaccession,Chinahasbeenfacingadualstrategictaskofacceleratingopeningupandexpeditingstructuraladjustmentinordertorespondtothenewchangesininternationaldivisionof,analyzingthebasicfeaturesofforeign-investedindustriesandtheirimpactonstructuralupgradingisofvitalimportanceforstudyingandformulatingindustrialprialenterprisesareclearlybetterthanthoseofthenon-foreign-investedindustrialenterprisesandhavehelpedimprovethetechnicalcompetenceandinternationalcompetitivenessofChina’,theaveragerateofcapitalequipmentofChina’,whichwas31p/totalassets,salesrevenue-profitrateandpercapitasalesrevenuewererespectively41percent,11perc,theelectronicandcommunicationsequipmentmanufacturingindustries,thenon-foreign-dustrialenterprises,terpriciencyoftheforeign-investedindustrialent’sindustryaswhole,includingforeign-investedindustrialenterprises,was912,000yuan,whichwas6percenthigherth,salesrevenue-profitrateandpercapitasalerevenueincreasedrespectivelyby8percent,ctronicandcommunicationsequipment,transp,theycouldberegardedastheannualaverageofthelhavemadetangiblecontributionstotheimprovementoftheoveralltechnicalequipmentandinput-outputefficiencyofChina’,itisalsoamanifestationofthetechnology,swheretheproportionofforeign-investedenterprisesishigher,theexportofthe,theindustriesthathavemoreforeigninvestmenthaveastrongerinternationalcompetitivenessandexportadvantageandhencebecomeanimportantfactorforspurringthedevelopmentofChina’sexport-orientedeconomyandustrialpreferenceforlabor-intensiveindustries,andthisstructuralfeaturreign-investedsectorinallforeilytheprocessingindustriesoffinishedproducts,(1)themonopolyindustriesinthestate-ownedeconomicsector;(2)thedomesticindustriesthathavesolidbasesandenjoymarkedcompetitiveadvantages;and(3)theindustriesthatentaillongertimeforin(orthelesscapital-intensive)anindustry,’slabor-intensiveindustriesorthelabor-intensiveprocessinglinksofthecapital-intensiveindustries,whichenjoycomparativeadvantages,,thelevelofiheindustriesnationwidecanbefurtherdividedintotwofactors:theaveragel,theastries,tmentdistribution,,theroleofforeigninvestmentinpromotingstructuralupgradingis,thepreferenceofforeigninvestmentforlabor-intensiveindustriesoffsetsinacertaindegreetheupgradingeffectoft’homecountries(orregions)forindustrialtransfer,theinternationalmarketstrategiesoftransnationalcorporations,,;twoisthemarketaccessrestrictionsontheindustriesofnaturalmonopolyandtheindustriesofspecializedequipmentinthestate-ownedeconomicsector;andthreeistheneglectofthetechnicaltransformationandupgradingofthetraditionalindustries....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.传奇国际官方app下载督察“回头看”专栏 · 攀枝花市生态环境局 LiShantong,HeJianwuDuanZhigang,Departm,2005Sincereformandopening-up,%.ItisclosetothatofJapanandthe“fourlittletigers”inAsiaduringtheperiodsoftheireconomictakingoff[1].However,mainta’seconomicgrowthgenerallyregardrapidaccumulationofcapitalasthekeysourceofChina’scontinuouslyfasteconomicgrowthinthepast20years[2].HistoricaldatademonstratesthatwhileChina’seconomygrewrapidly,itsinvestmentratioalsoremainedahighlevel,puttingtheissueof“highinvestmentratio”tioandthetrendoffutureinvestmentratioinChinathroughaworldwidecomparisononvariationtendencyofinvestmentratio,nsIngeneral,investmentratioreferstotherateoftotalcapitalformation,namelyapercentageofgrosscapitalformation(includingincreasesinfixedcapitalandinventory)inGDP,,namelythepercentageoffinalconsumption(includinghouseholdconsumptionandgovernmentconsumption),China’sinvestmentratiobasicallystayedbetween30%-45%.Thehighestratioduring1978-2000wasfoundin1993,%(exceptparticularlyindicated,alldatafor2004camefromChinaStatisticalSummary2005);thelowestratiowasfoundin1982,%,%.Inrecentyears,investmentratiohadkeptrising,especiallyin2004,%.Theg,theratiooffiyseparately,wecans,since1990s,especiallyafter1995,theproportionofinventoryinGDPcontinuedtofall,andthe%in1980s,%in1990s(aboutfourpercentagepointshigherthan1980s),%ththe“softlandingoftheeconomy”,,,theratioofgrosscapitalfallysynchronizedthatofgrosscapitalformation().Therefore,inouranalysisbelow,wesometimesusetheratiooffixed-capitalformationtounveilthecharacteristicsofvariationofinvestment.

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